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    2019年全國英語等級考試三級精選模擬試題二閱讀A

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    發布時間:2019年08月05日 09:37:03 來源:環球網校 點擊量:

    【摘要】小編給大家帶來2019年全國英語等級考試三級精選模擬試題二閱讀A,希望對大家有所幫助。

    The behaviour of a building’s users may be at least as important as its design when it comes to energy use,according to new research from the UK Energy Research Centre(UKERC).The UK promises to reduce its carbon emissions(排放)by 80 percent by 2050,part of which will be achieved by all new homes being zero-carbon by 2016.But this report shows that sustainable building design on its own—though extremely important-is not enough to achieve such reductions:the behaviour of the people using the building has to change too.

    The study suggests that the ways that people use and live in their homes have been largely ignored by existing efforts to improve energy efficiency(效率),which instead focus on architectural and technological developments.

    ‘Technology is going to assist but it is not going to do everything,’explains Katy Janda,a UKERC senior researcher,‘consumption patterns of building users can defeat the most careful design.’In other words,old habits die hard,even in the best-designed eco-home.

    Another part of the problem is information.Households and bill-payers don’t have the knowledge they need to change their energy-use habits.Without specific information,it’s hard to estimate the costs and benefits of making different choices.Feedback(反饋)facilities,like smart meters and energy monitors,could help bridge this information gap by helping people see how changing their behaviour directly affects their energy use;some studies have shown that households can achieve up to 15 percent energy savings using smart meters.

    Social science research has added a further dimension(方面),suggesting that individuals’behaviour in the home can be personal and cannot be predicted一whether people throw open their windows rather than turn down the thermostat(恒溫器),for example.

    Janda argues that education is the key.She calls for a focused programme to teach people about buildings and their own behaviour in them.

    1、The underlined word“which”in Paragraph 2 refers to”________.”

    A.the ways

    B.their homes

    C.developments

    D.existing efforts

    參考答案:D

    參考譯文:考查詞義推測。此題考查which引導的非限定性定語從句,which指代的是先行詞existing efforts現有的努力。故D正確。

    2、As to energy use,the new research from UKERC stresses the importance of________.

    A.zero-carbon homes

    B.the behaviour of building users

    C.sustainable building design

    D.the reduction of carbon emissions

    參考答案:B

    參考譯文:考查細節理解。根據文章第一段首句The behaviour of a building’s users may be at least as important as its design when it comes to energy use,according to new research from the UK Energy Research Centre(UKERC).可知根據英國能源研究中心的研究,建筑物使用者的行為也許至少和它的設計一樣重要。故B正確。

    3、The information gap in energy use _______.

    A.can be bridged by feedback facilities

    B.affects the study on energy monitors

    C.brings about problems for smart meters

    D.will be caused by building users’old habits

    參考答案:A

    參考譯文:考查細節考查。根據文章第四段Feedback(反饋)facilities,like smart meters and energy monitors,could help bridge this information gap by helping people see how changing their behaviour directly affects their energy use可知反饋設備能夠縮短信息差距。故A正確。

    4、What does the dimension added by social science research suggest?

    A.The social science research is to be furthered.

    B.The education programme is under discussion.

    C.The behaviour of building users is unpredictable.

    D.The behaviour preference of building users is similar.

    參考答案:C

    參考譯文:考查細節考查。根據文章倒數第二段Social science research has added a further dimension(方面),suggesting that individuals’behaviour in the home can be personal and cannot be predicted可知建筑物使用者在家的行為是私人的并不可被預測的。故C正確。

    5、What are Katy Janda’s words mainly about?

    A.The importance of changing building users,habits.

    B.The necessity of making a careful building design.

    C.The variety of consumption patterns of building users.

    D.The role of technology in improving energy efficiency.

    參考答案:A

    參考譯文:考查句意推測。根據文章第三段Katy Janda的話consumption patterns of building users can defeat the most careful design.及In other words,old habits die hard,even in the best-designed eco-home.可知建造使用者改變習慣的重要性。故A正確。

    參考譯文:

    英國能源研究中心(UKERC)的最新研究表明,建筑使用者的行為在能源使用方面可能至少與其設計一樣重要。英國承諾到2050年將減少80%的碳排放量,其中一部分將在2016年實現所有新家的零碳排放。但這份報告表明,可持續建筑設計本身雖然非常重要,但還不足以實現這種削減:使用該建筑的人的行為也必須改變。

    研究表明,人們使用和生活在家中的方式在很大程度上被現有的提高能源效率的努力所忽視,而這些努力的重點是建筑和技術的發展。

    Ukerc高級研究員凱蒂·詹達(katy janda)解釋說,“技術將起到幫助作用,但它并不能做任何事情。”建筑用戶的消費模式可能會擊敗最仔細的設計。換句話說,即使在設計最好的生態住宅里,舊習慣也很難消逝。

    問題的另一部分是信息。家庭和賬單支付者不具備改變能源使用習慣所需的知識。沒有具體的信息,很難估計做出不同選擇的成本和收益。反饋設施,如智能電表和能源監測儀,可以幫助人們了解他們的行為變化如何直接影響他們的能源使用,從而幫助彌合這一信息鴻溝;一些研究表明,使用智能電表,家庭可以實現高達15%的能源節約。

    社會科學研究又增加了一個維度,表明個人在家里的行為可以是個人的,并且無法預測——例如,人們是否打開窗戶而不是關上恒溫器。

    詹達認為教育是關鍵。她呼吁開展一個有針對性的項目,讓人們了解建筑物及其自身的行為。

    分享到: 編輯:紀文凱

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